Energy

US to release more oil reserves, OPEC sees slowing demand in 2023; Oil prices steady

Wed 15 Jun 22, 10:06am (AEST)
Oil - Oil rigs and supply vessels at sea
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Key Points

  • Biden set to sell oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to US oil companies
  • OPEC expects 2022 oil demand growth to be unchanged, expects higher demand in the second-half

Mass panic on Wall Street earlier this week, more US Strategic Petroleum Reserve releases, and less oil demand growth expected in 2023, and what does oil do? 

It edges slightly lower to US$120 a barrel. 

Unwavering oil prices serve as a reminder of just how tight energy markets are, thanks to a combination of depressed exploration and development investment, missing Russian supply and a rebound in travel-related consumption.

Here's a breakdown of what happened overnight in oil markets.

Biden releases more oil

The US Department of Energy said it plans to sell up to 45m barrels of crude oil from Strategic Petroleum Reserves amid mounting pressure to curb energy costs and inflation.

Strategic releases in the past have been largely symbolic in nature, with negligible short-term impacts on oil prices. 

The US has announced several rounds of emergency oil reserve releases since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Stockpiles in the reserve were down to 538m barrels in March, a 35 year low. 

President Biden is also considering excess profit tax for US oil companies, Bharat Ramamurti, deputy director of the National Economic Council, said in a Bloomberg interview.

OPEC June oil report

“Tight oil product markets and high refining margins have prompted refineries to increase throughputs, boosting crude demand,” said OPEC on Tuesday. 

“Planned and unplanned oil supply disruptions in several regions contributed to tightening fundamentals.” 

Factors including near-term global oil supply risks, continued geopolitical tensions in Europe, the prospect of a recovery in China and the start of the summer driving season in the Northern Hemisphere provided further support for higher prices. 

OPEC left its world oil demand growth broadly unchanged to stand at 3.4m barrels per day (bpd). Within the quarters, second quarter demand was revised down, reflecting lockdowns in China that lead to lower-than-expected demand.

While the second-half was revised upwards on expectations of higher demand during summer holidays and driving season.

The report did not provide any estimates for oil demand and supply in 2023. 

Demand growth to slow in 2023

Separately, an OPEC delegate and familiar sources said they were expecting world oil demand growth of 2m bpd or less in 2023, a rise of just 2%, Reuters reported.

By comparison, oil demand is forecast to increase by 3.36m bpd in 2022.

Two more OPEC delegates believe demand destruction is expected to take a toll on oil consumption in the coming months.

Though, observed that this has yet to take place in the US, citing recent gasoline demand data. 

UKOIL 2022-06-15 10-01-46
Brent crude oil price (Source: TradingView)

 

Written By

Kerry Sun

Finance Writer & Social Media

Kerry holds a Bachelor of Commerce from Monash University. He is an avid swing trader, focused on technical set ups and breakouts. Outside of writing and trading, Kerry is a big UFC fan, loves poker and training Muay Thai. Connect via LinkedIn or email.

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