Energy

Oil prices tumble to pre-invasion levels: OPEC meets, weak US gasoline demand

Thu 04 Aug 22, 11:07am (AEST)
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Key Points

  • OPEC+ issues a tiny production increase as member countries lack spare capacity
  • US gasoline demand falls below pandemic levels, even as pump prices fall
  • Oil falls below its 200-day moving average for the first time since December 2021

Oil prices fell around -3% on Wednesday to an almost six-month lows, giving back all of its Russia-Ukraine invasion gains.

Brief OPEC+ inspired rally

Crude oil briefly rallied 2.5% overnight after OPEC+ agreed to a 100,000 barrel per day (b/d) increase in its overall output quota for September.

The 100,000 b/d hike distributed among the 23 OPEC+ countries will effectively equal a 34,000 b/d production rise, mostly coming out of Saudi Arabia and the UAE as other members are "tapped out of capacity", according to S&P Global Platts.

Bearish reports

The rally peaked just before midnight after a bearish weekly oil inventory report from the US Energy Information Agency (EIA).

Crude oil inventories rose 4.5m barrels for the week to July 29 compared to a decline of an almost identical amount for the previous week.

US gasoline consumption was also reportedly waning, down -7.1% during peak summer vacation time and lower prices. Americans are now driving less than they did in 2020, when travel restrictions halted social mobility.

US gasoline demand
Source: Bloomberg, International Energy Agency

"Gasoline is a disappointment. You should never see a build in gasoline during summer. It's a very bearish report," said Bob Yawger, director of energy futures at Mizuho, Reuters reported.

Below the 200-day

Previous oil dips were well supported, with prices quickly rebounding back to the US$110 level.

There was a change in character for oil around mid June, when a series of 4-5% price dips started to see momentum wane and investors pivot their focus from tight supply to weak demand.

Since 17 June, oil has mostly struggled to push above the 20-day moving average (red). Now, it's trading below the 200-day moving average (blue) for the first time since 20 December, 2021.

brent crude oil price chart with moving averages
Source: TradingView

Supply narrative remains the same

Still, the supply side narrative remains the same, with OPEC+ members noting the limited availability of excess capacity and chronic under-investment in new oil production.

Even as oil prices tumble, global reserves have continued to decline lower and well below historical averages.

Global crude ex China
Source: IHS Markit

Oil stocks mostly unphased

The S&P/ASX 200 Energy Index is down -0.67% on Thursday.

Oil stocks have been mostly trading sideways for the last six months, in a far less volatile fashion than crude oil. Names like Woodside (ASX: WDS) and Beach Energy (ASX: BPT) remain rangebound.

With oil companies due to report in the coming weeks, it will be interesting to see them flex their earnings and whether or not this has already been 'priced in' to current valuations.

Woodside share price chart
Woodside share price chart

 

Written By

Kerry Sun

Finance Writer & Social Media

Kerry holds a Bachelor of Commerce from Monash University. He is an avid swing trader, focused on technical set ups and breakouts. Outside of writing and trading, Kerry is a big UFC fan, loves poker and training Muay Thai. Connect via LinkedIn or email.

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