Markets

Morgan Stanley: Investors are still "vulnerable to disappointment"

Mon 09 Jan 23, 11:11am (AEST)
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Key Points

  • Morgan Stanley Wealth Management is predicting more pain for forecasts ahead
  • Overweight emerging markets, fixed income, and dividend payers

Every January, Wall Street analysts release their forecasts for where they believe equity indices and fixed income yields will finish by December of the same year. Sometimes, they're pretty close to accurate given a couple of adjustments throughout the year. But 2022 decided otherwise. The S&P 500 finished last calendar year at 3,839. Morgan Stanley's Mike Wilson was the closest of all of Wall Street... at 4,400. 

In other words, not a single forecaster saw the collapse coming in risk assets - let alone the magnitude of the declines. But Wilson's colleague on the buy side believes more pain could be on the horizon. 

"With the directional basics of the Fed policy pivot behind us, the fog has thickened," Lisa Shalett, Morgan Stanley Wealth Management Chief Investment Officer wrote in a recent research note.

In this wire, I'll take you through some of the key highlights from Shalett's most recent note and share how that is affecting the team's asset allocation recommendations.

Shalett's View

Shalett's (and, for that matter, Wilson's) 2022 view was predicated on something simple - the consensus view was too textbook and too bullish. While few could have foreseen the ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine or the Democratic Party's upset in the midterm elections, no one realised just how much those events would impact financial markets.

But it was inflation's persistence that really caught Shalett and Wilson's attention. While most of Wall Street believed inflation was transitory, they had a contrarian view that proved correct.

"The biggest obstacle for bulls was their insistence that inflation would cure quickly and the Fed would blink—a hypothesis never more than wishful thinking."

Shalett believes the investment consensus is still too bullish for 2023. Many participants believe the US Federal Reserve will attain that all-important soft landing (bringing inflation down without bursting the labour market). Should a soft landing happen, the theory is that corporates will still be able to deliver marginal earnings growth. But Shalett doesn't buy either of these scenarios:

"The GIC [Global Investment Committee]’s view remains that the consensus setup is vulnerable to disappointment, as corporate managements capitulate amid tougher conditions. In this year of transitions, we suggest focusing less on forecasts and more on getting paid to wait. We concentrate our overweights in fixed income, dividend growers, value stocks and areas with low expectations, such as China (also featured here) and emerging markets."

Asset class implications

Before I dig into these allocations, it should be noted that Shalett and her team invest at the high net worth-end of the market. That is, these allocations are recommended for people with seven-figure pay cheques and up to $25 million in investable assets. 

Equities: Overweight emerging markets, equal-weight US stocks

"Odds are rising for Chinese stimulus, and growth linked to supply chains is rebounding in South Asia. We are opportunistically adding to positions there and in Latin America, which benefits from already tight central bank policy and commodity exporter windfalls."

"While recession risks for the broad [US] economy remain low, prospects for negative earnings revisions are rising as are headwinds to valuation multiples." China: This time is (finally) different

"We expect continued policy easing going forward, featuring sustained infrastructure capital expenditures in the first half of 2023, accommodative monetary policy and additional property

demand-side easing (possibly at the national level) along with measures aimed at alleviating developers’ liquidity pressures."

Bonds: Don't fight the Federal Reserve

"Markets have aggressively priced the Fed’s hawkish rate path and with yield curves apt to face ongoing flattening pressure, risks of a policy mistake rise. We are taking a more balanced risk-reward approach and have added to large underweight positions."

"After seven Fed rate hikes, equity investors have been eagerly awaiting an end to the increases. Given the inverted US Treasury yield curve, however, such a “Fed pause” might not spark a rebound."

Commodities: Are the best times over?

"We anticipate that overall inflation is peaking. That said, structural disruption in energy and global agricultural commodities remains severe and may take multiple quarters to cure."

As you'd expect, investors with a conservative approach are recommended to put more than two-thirds of their model portfolios into fixed income. In the most conservative portfolio, just 13% of the allocation is geared towards equities.

For those with a much more bullish or opportunistic bias, more than 60% of the portfolio is geared towards equities with most of that money still invested in the US. In contrast, just 17% of that model portfolio is in bonds. 

Interestingly, across all five model portfolios, commodities are only two percent of the recommended allocation. Imagine an Australian firm getting away with a two percent allocation to commodities!

One last note

Back on the point of forecasts, I thought I'd share with you this great tweet from Jonathan Ferro (Anchor at Bloomberg Media, New York):

S&P 500 2022 year end forecasts

As I am sure you've worked out, these are the 2022 forecasts for the S&P 500. And as we mentioned at the beginning, Morgan Stanley was way off but somehow also the closest to the real thing.

Now, let's take a look at the 2023 forecasts for the S&P 500.

2023 Year end Forecasts S&P 500

Who will be closest to the mark by the end of December 2023? And could the S&P 500 actually finish way down two years in a row? I guess we'll all find out in due course. 

Written By

Hans Lee

Senior Editor

Hans is one of the Senior Editors at Livewire Markets and Market Index. He created Signal or Noise and leads the team's coverage of the global economy and fixed income markets.

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