Iron Ore

China set for massive stimulus: Buoys outlook for BHP, Rio Tinto and Fortescue

Mon 23 May 22, 3:21pm (AEDT)
Yellow truck at a mine site
Source: iStock

Key Points

  • China is set to unleash more stimulus than 2021 to keep its economic growth ambitions alive
  • Iron ore has managed to stabilise around US$130 a tonne, now heading towards US$140
  • Iron ore supply and shipments expected to increase as Brazil comes online, labour shortages ease

China is offering some protection for iron ore investors amid a deteriorating macro backdrop, set to unleash a massive US$5.3tn in stimulus in an attempt to stabilise its covid and lockdown-ridden economy.

Based on monetary and fiscal measures announced so far, Bloomberg estimates that China will pump US$5.3tn into its economy this year, which will top 2021 spending but less than 2020.

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China has stuck to its pre-lockdown forecast of 5.5% GDP growth for the year, even as lockdowns pushed key economic indicators like industrial output and consumer spending to the lowest levels since March 2020.

Bloomberg said that since most of the stimulus was announced at the annual session of the National People's Congress in early March, well before most of the lockdowns, there could be room for more measures.

Last Friday, China also cut its rate on five-year loans to 4.45% from 4.60% in another attempt to inspire some activity within the property sector.

China prints, Aussie miners rally

Chinese rate cuts and stimulus has helped iron ore stabilise around US$130/t and now trying to reclaim US$140.

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Iron ore futures (Source: TradingView)

Buoyant iron ore prices has helped stabilise iron ore majors BHP (ASX: BHP), Rio Tinto (ASX: RIO) and Fortescue (ASX: FMG), which have rallied 3-5% in the past week.

Bigger picture

Ex-China demand remains strong

Global iron ore shipments hit 131.5m tonnes in April, flat compared to last year.

Chinese iron ore imports declined -3.2% to 88.8m tonnes in April, meaning demand has had to come from elsewhere.

Brazil coming online

Brazil iron ore shipments are on the rise amid more positive sentiment in the Capesize market, according to Breakwave Advisors.

Shipments are trending upwards, totalling 25.8m tonnes in April, the highest monthly total in 2022.

"Given it is expected to remain dry in the near-term and liftings have started strong in May, we expect another monthly increase in Brazilian iron ore volumes this month."

Aussie shipments picking up slack

Australian iron ore shipments have strongly improved as labour shortages begin to somewhat ease.

Breakwave Advisors reported 74.7m tonnes of iron ore exported in April, flat on the year. Though, the week ending May 15 exported 19m tonnes, the highest weekly total so far in 2022.

Source: Breakwave Advisors


Written By

Kerry Sun

Content Strategist

Kerry holds a Bachelor of Commerce from Monash University. He is an avid swing trader, focused on technical set ups and breakouts. Outside of writing and trading, Kerry is a big UFC fan, loves poker and training Muay Thai. Connect via LinkedIn or email.

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